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Title: Педагогічні технології у STEM-викладанні основ безпілотних літальних апаратів
Other Titles: Pedagogical technologies in stem teaching of bases of unmanned aerial vehicles
Authors: Бондар, Ольга Петрівна
Ковальов, Юрій Григорович
Ковальова, Олена Сергіївна
Bondar, Olga
Kovalov, Yuriy
Kovalova, Olena
Keywords: педагогічні технології
STEM освіта
безпілотні літальні апарати
Pedagogical Technology
STEM Education
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Кропивницький: КЛА НАУ
Citation: Бондар, О. П. Педагогічні технології у STEM-викладанні основ безпілотних літальних апаратів / О. П. Бондар, Ю. Г. Ковальов, О. С. Ковальова // Науковий вісник Льотної академії. Серія: Педагогічні науки : збірник наукових праць. - Кропивницький : КЛА НАУ, 2019. - Випуск 5. - С. 396-400.
Abstract: У статті вказано характерні на відміну від традиційних систем навчання риси педагогічних технологій, що стосуються STEM-викладання у вищій школі взагалі і викладання основ безпілотних літальних апаратів зокрема. The modern person lives in the conditions of the fourth industrial revolution, when the development and merging of automated production, data exchange and a production technology into a single self- regulated system, with the least or no human intervention in the production process, takes place. Therefore, the urgent need of the present is the ability of people to manage these systems, to improve them, creating a zone of sustainable development, which is at the intersection of the needs of society (abundance and comfort), the environment and the economy. Hence, the task of higher education is to form the content of educational programs and new approaches to their learning, such as training professionals with appropriate professional and social-personal competencies, competitive in the world labor market. But the problem of the domestic high school in many cases is the discrepancy of the content of education with modern needs of society, However, some researchers point to a decrease in the interest of students in learning, which causes a constant search for changes in traditional lectures, practical classes and laboratory work on "non-standard", "non-traditional" classes. Such classes are considered by many scientific and pedagogical staff as STEM-classes. But there is no clear understanding of STEM education. We will consider the characteristic features of pedagogical technologies in comparison with the traditional system of teaching and STEM-teaching (technological teaching) of the bases of unmanned aerial vehicles, which was conducted on the basis of the Flight Academy of NAU. The purpose of the traditional system is the accumulation of knowledge, skills and abilities, in contrast to technological teaching, when the goal is to develop the person as a whole. At the beginning of the lessons on the bases of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) the student was faced with the problem of creating the original UAV project for one of the areas of drone use (agriculture, emergency services - firefighting, police, ambulance, communication, etc.). At the same time, if the explanatory and illustrative methods predominate in the traditional system of education, then methods of teaching the developing character were used: problem statement, research and search methods. Thus, the content of the educational material was acquired by students in the process of solving the problem. In the process of analysis, comparison, hypothesis, substantiation of conclusions, etc., not only the student's mental abilities develop, but also the ability to work in a team, since the UAV project was developed by a group that chose to create one or another type of dron. At the same time, relations with the teacher were built in the form of partnership and cooperation in an atmosphere of creative interaction, which encouraged students to study, creating a situation of success in learning.
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